PT / EN
     
IN THIS WEBPAGE: KEYNOTE SPEAKERS / SPECIAL SESSIONS / GENERAL SCHEDULE / SCHEDULE: 16.06.2017 / 17.06.2017 / 18.06.2017
   
KEYNOTE SPEAKERS    
 
   
GIUSEPPE FALLACARA (Curriculum Vitae)
Giuseppe Fallacara (1973) is an architect (2000) and associate professor (2015) at the Faculty of Architecture at the Polytechnic of Bari.
IFallacara teaches, in the same faculty, Architectural Design and History of Stereotomy, assuming also the CESAR post-graduate course of school of specialization in archeology and restoration of the Politecnico di Bari, following numerous dissertations about the updating of stone architecture.
Fallacara is also a visiting professor in numerous schools of architecture around the world and authored several publications on stereotomic design.
Since 2005, he has conducted experiments in stereotomy with the creation of construction elements in stone. Examples are: Escalier Ridolfi, an entry portal for the Venice Biennale (a variation of the Abeille vault), Alexandros obelisk, pre-stressed stone arch built in Brignoles, Toulon (France), arch leaf in Parabita, Lecce (Italy), free-standing stereotomic wall hangings, etc.
Atelier Fallacara d'Architettura's website
     
ABSTRACT OF GIUSEPPE FALLACARA'S LECTURE IN GEOMETRIAS'17 (this lecture will be held in English)
TOPOLOGICAL STEREOTOMY IN ARCHITECTURE: ORIGINS AND METHODS

In this lecture I will trace out a possible – albeit not complete – evolution line of Stereotomy in its teoretical-practical-speculative meaning, from its origin to the near future. This study will consider Stereotomy as the basic subject to understand any further investigation on the solids undergoing geometrical cuttings in order to make them compatible with specific architectural constructive systems, like vaulted spaces, arches, walls, stairs, etc.
More specifically, the term solid is here considered equivalent to the master building material, which is the stone. As a result, I will always deal with stone bearing vaulting systems, able to maintain the static balance thanks to the cutting of each single ashlar.
I firmly support, and thus I want to highlight it here, the importance of reintroducing the study of the stereotomy among the main basic teachings within the Architecture and Engineering degree courses all over the world, as it was in the past.
The École des Beaux-Arts and the ÉcolePolytechnique, representative respectively of the fields of architecture and engineering, share from the beginning of the XIX Century the common teaching of Stereotomy, although they have specific curricula and teaching programs. This subject was regarded as the most appropriate in encouraging students to “build space” and in stimulating their creativity.

 
     
GUNTER WEISS
Gunter Weiss (1946) graduated in Descriptive Geometry & Mathematics at Vienna University and University of Technology in Vienna.
Between 1967 and 1995, he was Assistant Professor at the University of Technology in Vienna, Institute for Geometry; between 1995 and 2011, Full Professor for Geometry at the University of Technology in Dresden (Germany). Between 1995 and 2006, Head of the Institute for Geometry, TU-Dresden; from 2006 to 2010, Vice-Dean   for Mathematics, TU-Dresden and from 2001 to 2008, President and Vice-President of the ISGG.
Gunter Weiss research interests include differential geometry, line geometry and kinematics, elementary geometry, projective   and non-Euclidean geometry, technical applications of geometry, bio-geometry,didactics of geometry and engineering graphics.
Married since 1971 and retired since 2011, Gunter Weiss has 3 daughters and 6 grandchildren (soon to be 7).
Gunter Weiss academic profile
     
ABSTRACT OF GUNTER WEISS'S LECTURE IN GEOMETRIAS'17 (this lecture will be held in English)
GEOMETRY. WHAT ELSE !?

The lecture focusses on the ambiguity of this question:
All natural or artificial objects have a shape or form resulting from a natural (bio-physical) or technical (design) process, and therefore have an intrinsic (immanent) geometric constituent. So geometry is simply everywhere.
Also purely abstract – mathematical – geometry does not live without “models”, which are somehow connected to reality at least with concepts, which are historically and semantically related to real objects. Here imagination and visualisation of models are necessary to merge abstraction and reality.
Shortly said: Reality reveals geometry and geometry creates reality.
Discussing and modelling a few examples of historic and actual architectural objects emphasises this view point:
Among other examples of nature and architecture we will treat the problem to understand the “geometry” of the great spiral of Samara (Iraq). Its architects surely started with an abstract geometric idea and had to modify it during the process of realisation. But also from these modifications one can extract some geometric abstractions with some likelihood such that it becomes possible to re-model at least approximations of this interesting and endangered building. A second example will be the contemporary wooden look-out tower at the Pyramidenkogel-mountain in Carinthia, (Austria).

 
     
JOSÉ PEDRO SOUSA
José Pedro Sousa (Porto, 1976) is an Assistant Professor at FAUP (University of Porto), where he founded and directs the DFL, Digital Fabrication Lab (CEAU/FAUP). He has a PhD degree in Architecture from IST (Technical University of Lisbon), a Master in Genetic Architecture from ESARQUIC (International University of Catalonia) and a Licenciatura in Architecture from FAUP. He was also a Special student on Design and Computation at MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA) and a
Visiting Scholar in Architecture at the UPenn (University of Pennsylvania, USA). With an interest in exploring new conceptual and material opportunities emerging from the use of computational design and fabrication technologies, he has developed a recognized professional activity merging the realms of teaching, research and design practice since 2003. He was awarded with the 2005 FEIDAD Outstanding Award (1st) and the 2009 Young Research Award of the Technical University of Lisbon, among other distintictions.
José Pedro Sousa's website
     
ABSTRACT OF JOSÉ PEDRO SOUSA'S LECTURE IN GEOMETRIAS'17 (this lecture will be held in English)
CALCULATED GEOMETRIES. FROM MANUAL TO ROBOTIC EXPERIMENTS IN ARCHITECTURAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATION.

In architecture, geometry has been historically considered as the language supporting and bridging the design and construction realms. The universe of creative and material solutions that can be imagined, described and built by architects strongly depends on the degree in which its geometry can be controlled. Due to the nature of traditional analogic drawing techniques, geometry has been practiced as a static and linear act of representation. However, feeling some limitations in design, many distinguished figures, like Antonio Gaudi, Josef Albers, David Georges Emmerich, Frei Otto or, more recently, Frank Gehry, opted to conduct material - rather than drawing - experiments to explore geometry in a different generative way.
Embracing physical properties, such design processes were dynamic and iterative, producing formal and constructive implications simultaneously. Rather than drawn, geometry was physically calculated, evaluated and refined towards the desired design solution.
This kind of generative exploration is dramatically expanded with the current possibilities allowed by the use of digital technologies in architecture. On the one hand, through computation, geometry can be tooled to negotiate multiple interests and concerns at the same time, from formal, performative, structural, material or constructive standpoints. On the other hand, through digital fabrication, it can be directly translated into the physical realm without the need to produce additional traditional projective representations. Thus, one can argue that with the computer, and through calculation, geometry re-affirms its role at the core of the design process, and its knowledge is, more than ever, a decisive skill today for any designer.
After a brief outline on this framework, this communication presents a set of educational and research experiments where “calculated geometry” is explored as an integrated design and constructive strategy, to address some of the contemporary architectural interests and challenges. The underlying concern across such experiments is driven by the interest of recognizing the value and meaning of all available techniques and technologies, from the traditional/manual to the new/robotic ones. These experiments were conducted in the Constructive Geometry course at the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Porto (FAUP), and in the Research Group of the Digital Fabrication Laboratory (DFL) of the Center of Studies in Architecture and Urbanism (CEAU) at FAUP.

 
     
LINO CABEZAS GELABERT
Lino Cabezas Gelabert is a Doctorate in Fine Arts and Cathedratic Professor in Drawing from Barcelona’s University. Formerly, he was Professor at E. T. S in Catalunya’s Architecture Polytechnic University.
Lino Cabezas is a specialist in perspective, technical drawing and geometry.
Author and coaurhor of several books, including the ones published by Ed. Cátedra de Madrid: Las lecciones del dibujo; El manual de dibujo; Máquinas y herramientas de dibujo; El Dibujo como invención. Idear, construir y dibujar; Los nombres del dibujo; La representación de la representación; Dibujo y construcción de la realidade; Dibujo y territorio.
     
ABSTRACT OF LINO CABEZAS'S LECTURE IN GEOMETRIAS'17 (this lecture will be held in Spanish)
GEOMETRIA FABRORUM, PROCESOS GRÁFICOS EN LA ARQUITECTURA MEDIEVAL.

La geometría fabrorum es una denominación utilizada para referir el conjunto de conocimientos prácticos utilizados en diferentes oficios desde la Antigüedad, conforme a una tradición independiente de la geometría teórica, algo que cambiaría al final de la Edad Media al unirse ambas y desarrollarse más tarde en torno a los intereses intelectuales y científicos de los artistas del primer Renacimiento. Hasta ese momento se podía hablar de dos saberes geométricos diferentes, el de los artífices y el de los hombres de estudio.
Durante la Edad Media, mientras que la geometría práctica, “fabrorum”, era un instrumento profesional, la geometría teórica se concebía como una ciencia. La geometría práctica de la Edad Media fue un elemento esencial del diseño arquitectónico, basado en pautas elementales que servían para definir la construcción de las grandes catedrales. En ese momento las representaciones gráficas de la arquitectura pocas veces contemplaban el conjunto de las obras. En general trataban de detalles. Las trazas de montea, las plantillas, escantillones y cuerdas resolvían los problemas de la ejecución material de las obras. El diseño de la arquitectura a lo largo de la Edad Media utilizaba conceptos geométricos, muchas veces relacionados con significados simbólicos, y la capacitación profesional dentro de los gremios de constructores desarrollaba la geometría fabrorum al margen de cualquier reflexión científica.
Se trataba de conocimientos geométricos sencillos y capaces de generar una gran variedad de formas, aunque sus significados muchas veces eran desconocidos o difíciles de comprender. La existencia de un gran número de alzados conservados en comparación con el número de plantas no significa que no se dibujaran, ya que éstas son necesarias para definir los elementos en alzado y su planteamiento previo es imprescindible.
El conjunto de procesos geométricos estrictos explica el rigor y precisión de la arquitectura gótica sin los cuales no hubiera sido posible la construcción de las grandes catedrales. La geometría práctica de los artífices se componía esencialmente de recetas para construir figuras, y no de demostraciones en el sentido en que las entendemos hoy. Los procesos geométricos eran fundamentalmente materiales y experimentales, utilizando plantillas, superposiciones de hojas de metal o papel, y a veces también calcos.
De esta manera, con gran sencillez, los nervios y arcos de las bóvedas se generan desde formas geométricas que hacen posible su construcción. Existen hipótesis explicando que el arquitecto medieval no dibujaba lo que hoy se entienden por planos de proyecto. El dibujo se concebía frecuentemente en la mente y se trazaba directamente en el terreno o sobre los materiales sin necesidad de dibujos previos. Sin embargo, existen opiniones distintas en donde se afirma que la ausencia de dibujos se justifica pensando que el interés de los dibujos de trabajo se limitaba a la tarea del momento; cuando su utilidad había terminado, se abandonaban.

 
     
SORAYA GENIN
Soraya Genin (1965) is graduated in Architecture at the Faculty of Architecture of Lisbon (1990), has a Master degree in Science in Architecture, Specialization Conservation of Historic Towns and Buildings (1995) and a Ph.D. in Engineering (2014) by the Faculty of Engineering at the KU Leuven.
Assistant Professor in ISCTE-Lisbon University Institute and researcher at ISTAR-IUL, where she teaches Architectural Technology. Soraya Genin authored several studies and projects in Architecture and Conservation developed in her studio, established in 1999.
One of her main research interest is the conception and construction of ribbed vaults, mainly the geometric analysis on architectural design.
Ciência-IUL Profile
     
ABSTRACT OF SORAYA GENIN'S LECTURE IN GEOMETRIAS'17 (this lecture will be held in Portuguese)
ABÓBADAS MANUELINAS. GEOMETRIA E FORMA

This lecture discusses the use of geometry during the late gothic period, especially in the design and construction of Manueline ribbed vaults, from the beginning of 16th century.
The cross-sections were first used to solve vault design problems. During the gothic period, the orthogonal or perspective sections were almost non-existent, although some schematic drawings looked similar. The elevation does not result from a vertical projection of the plan, which was the method developed at the beginning of the 16th century under the influence of the Italian Treaties.
However, the analysis of Portuguese vaults reveals that the form was the result of a voluntary design. Some vaults produce a clear spatial continuity and show barrel forms obtained through a complex ribbed system. The multiplication of the ribs allows to replace the traditional arches by pairs of opposed triangles and also creates a continuous vault surface.
What method of design allowed creating these forms, according to the principles of elevation used at the time? How these complex vaults could be materially realized? One can think the Architect used orthogonal projection, which was an innovative method at the time. Bibliography and manuscripts are incomplete about the methods of construction.
We'll see by some case studies how plan and elevation are complementary. Shape is controlled by a prior definition of the ridge line and the height of the keys, where ribs converge with a standard curve. The radius of the ridge line and the standard curve are taken from the plan. Secondary ribs helped create flat and continue surfaces across the bays.
We established several hypotheses for our case studies and we understood that it is possible to underline the construction with very few drawings thanks to geometry. The method consists in placing centrings in a certain order, so the height of the keys is gradually taken from the centrings without the need of drawings.
We will make a journey through time and try to understand the methods of design and construction of ribbed vaults. To address these questions I will show vaults with different forms, starting from simple to complex forms.

 
   
GEOMETRIAS'17 SPECIAL SESSIONS (in English)
FIRST SPECIAL SESSION - Polish Society for Geometry and Engineering Graphics

Geometrias’17 morning papers' session on the 16th of June - Geometrias'17 First Special Session - will be moderated by Cornelie Leopold (Technical University of Kaiserslautern’s Faculty of Architecture) and co-organized by Aproged and the POLISH SOCIETY FOR GEOMETRY AND ENGINEERING GRAPHICS that, among other activitires, publishes THE JOURNAL BIULETYN  OF POLISH SOCIETY FOR GEOMETRY AND ENGINEERING GRAPHICS
For this session, the contribution of several polish researchers coming from Gdańsk, Rzeszów, Kraków, Łódź and Gliwice is foreseen. They will share with us their most recent considerations.
We will present more news on this subject, as soon as they become available.

   
     

SECOND SPECIAL SESSION - VisualARQ 2.0, flexible BIM for Rhinoceros

After the morning Keynote Speaker's lecture on the 17th of June, there will be a Geometrias'17 Second Special Session, in which FRANCESC SALLA, VisualARQ’s product manager, will show the new features of VisualARQ 2.0, including:
- Creation of VisualARQ objects and styles from Grasshopper definitions.
- Real time vector output printing of the 3D model in section, plan and perspective views.
- Creation of custom parameters for VisualARQ and Rhino objects and listing them in tables.
- IFC Import & Export features to exchange Rhino models with other AEC software.
- New Section Manager
- New Furniture, Element and Annotation objects
- Add + Subtract + Extract commands for all VisualARQ objects
- New Beam joints and roof intersections
- VisualARQ Grasshopper Components enhancements.

 
   
 
   
CONFERENCE GENERAL SCHEDULE
* Webpage of Coimbra's University Library (inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site since 2013)
 
SCHEDULE FOR 16.JUNE.2017

 

09h00 RECEPÇÃO / RECEPTION

09h30 SESSÃO DE ABERTURA / OPENING SESSION

09h40 - 10h30 : Orador Convidado / Keynote Speaker
GUNTER WEISS
GEOMETRY. WHAT ELSE !?

PAUSA PARA CAFÉ / COFFEBREAK

11h00 - 11h20 : PAPER 01 (Special Session 1)
Anita Pawlak - Jakubowska (Poland)
PARAMETRIC MODELING OF CLASS II MECHANISMS APPLIED IN MOVABLE STRUCTURES

11h25 - 11h45 : PAPER 02 (Special Session 1)
Monika Sroka-Bizoń (Poland)
HOW TO CONSTRUCT RED SEA?

11h50 - 12h10 : PAPER 03 (Special Session 1)
Piotr Dudzik, Ewa Terczyńska and Krzysztof Tytkowski (Poland)
MODELING AS THE WAY OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE

12h15 - 12h35 : PAPER 04 (Special Session 1)
Jolanta Tofil (Poland)
HOW TO IMPROVE THE EDUCATION OF ENGINEERS - VISUALIZATION OF STRING CONSTRUCTION BRIDGES

12h35 - 13h00 : DEBATE

ALMOÇO / LUNCH

14h30 - 14h50 : PAPER 05 (Special Session 1)
Michał Nessel and Szymon Filipowski (Poland)
EXAMPLES OF GENETIC ALGORITHMS USAGE IN GEOMETRY AND ALGORITHMIC DESIGN

14h55 - 15h15 : PAPER 06 (Special Session 1)
Szymon Filipowski and Michał Nessel (Poland)
ALGORITHMIC APPROACH IN THE DESIGN OF REPETITIVE PATTERNS ON ARCHITECTURAL SURFACES

15h20 - 15h40 : PAPER 07
Vera Spinadel in memoriam (Argentina)
APPLICATION OF THE PROPORTION THEORY TO FORM DESIGN

15h45 - 16h05 : PAPER 08
Daniela Velichová (Slovakia)
LACE CURVES

16h05 - 16h30 : DEBATE

PAUSA PARA CAFÉ / COFFEBREAK

17h00 - 17h20 : PAPER 09
Modris Dobelis (Latvia)
A MEASURING OF ENGINEERING GRAPHICS LITERACY

17h25 - 17h45 : PAPER 10
Beniamino Polimeni (United Kingdom)
PRODUCING DESIGN OBJECTS FROM REGULAR POLYHEDRA: A PRACTICAL APPROACH

17h50 - 18h10 : PAPER 11
Andres Martín-Pastor, Alicia Lopez Martínez (Spain)
HELICOIDES DESARROLLABLES DE HÉLICE CILÍNDRICA Y SU APLICACIÓN COMO SUPERFICIE ARQUITECTÓNICA

18h10 - 18h35 : DEBATE

18h40 - 19h30 : Orador Convidado / Keynote Speaker
LINO CABEZAS
GEOMETRIA FABRORUM, PROCESOS GRÁFICOS EN LA ARQUITECTURA MEDIEVAL.

 

SCHEDULE FOR 17.JUNE.2017

09h00 - 09h50 : Orador Convidado / Keynote Speaker
JOSÉ PEDRO SOUSA
CALCULATED GEOMETRIES. FROM MANUAL TO ROBOTIC EXPERIMENTS IN ARCHITECTURAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATION.

09h55 - 10h40 : Sessão Especial 2 / Special Session 2
FRANCESC SALLA
(VisualARQ 2.0, flexible BIM for Rhinoceros)

PAUSA PARA CAFÉ / COFFEBREAK

11h00 - 11h20 : PAPER 12
Catia Ramos (Portugal)
GUARDA’S REPRESENTATION LABORATORY (100-2010): RESEARCHING, INTERPRETING, MODELLING AND VISUALISING A CITY’S GROWTH

11h25 - 11h45 : PAPER 13
Isidora Đurić, Ratko Obradovic and Nebojsa Ralevic (Serbia)
A REVIEW OF AUGMENTED REALITY FOR ARCHITECTURE VISUALIZATION

11h50 - 12h10 : PAPER 14
Filipa Osório, Alexandra Paio and Sancho Oliveira (Portugal)
ORIGAMI TESSELATIONS - FOLDING ALGORITHMS FROM LOCAL TO GLOBAL

12h15 - 12h35 : PAPER 15
Samanta Aline Teixeira and Thais Regina Ueno Yamada (Brasil)
O PRINCÍPIO DO CREASE PATTERN NO ORIGAMI: UM ESTUDO SOBRE O MAPEAMENTO DE DOBRAS

12h35 - 13h00 : DEBATE

ALMOÇO / LUNCH

14h30 - 14h50 : PAPER 16
Alexandra Castro (Portugal)
GEOMETRIA E TECNOLOGIAS DIGITAIS NA ARQUITECTURA DE HERZOG & DE MEURON

14h55 - 15h15 : PAPER 17
Hannah Müller, Christoph Nething, Anja Schalk, Daria Kovaleva, Oliver Gericke and Werner Sobek (Germany)
POROUS SPATIAL CONCRETE STRUCTURES GENERATED USING FROZEN SAND FORMWORK

15h20 - 15h40 : PAPER 18
Micaela Colella (Italy)
THE DOME AS MINIMAL HOUSING UNIT: GHIBLI AND D-HOME PROTOTYPES

15h45 - 16h05 : PAPER 19
Maurizio Barberio (Italy)
PROTOTYPING STEREOTOMIC ASSEMBLIES: STONE POLYSPHER

16h05 - 16h30 : DEBATE

PAUSA PARA CAFÉ / COFFEBREAK

17h00 - 17h20 : PAPER 20
Victor Rodriguez Izquierdo (Spain)
STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS AND DIGITAL PRODUCTION OF A PARAMETRIC GEOMETRY DESIGN. CASE STUDY: NEW FOYER FOR THE CASINO IN STUTTGART

17h25 - 17h45 : PAPER 21
Roberta Gadaleta (Italy)
RESEARCH OF NEW MORPHOLOGIES OF STEREOTOMIC BOND FOR DOME IN STONE ARCHITECTURE

17h50 - 18h10 : PAPER 22
Cornelie Leopold (Germany)
PERSPECTIVE TRANSFORMATIONS FOR ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

18h10 - 18h35 : DEBATE

18h40 - 19h30 : Orador Convidado / Keynote Speaker
GIUSEPPE FALLACARA
TOPOLOGICAL STEREOTOMY IN ARCHITECTURE: ORIGINS AND METHODS.

21h00 JANTAR DA CONFERÊNCIA / CONFERENCE DINNER
 

SCHEDULE FOR 18.JUNE.2017

09h00 - 09h50 : Oradora Convidada / Keynote Speaker
SORAYA GENIN
ABÓBADAS MANUELINAS. GEOMETRIA E FORMA.

PAUSA PARA CAFÉ / COFFEBREAK

10h10 - 10h30 : PAPER 23
Joana Maia (Portugal)
CRIATIVIDADE ORDENADA: O SENTIDO DE PROPORÇÃO NA ARQUITECTURA DE JOÃO ÁLVARO ROCHA

10h35 - 10h55 : PAPER 24
Maria João Pinto (Portugal)
TEMPO DA FORMA

11h00 - 11h20 : PAPER 25
Ana Paula Rocha, Debora Fantinato, Renata Beltramin and Daniel Moreira (Brazil)
DESENHO DE CONCEPÇÃO EM ARQUITETURA: O PAPEL DO DIAGRAMA NO PROCESSO DE PROJETO

11H20 - 11H45 : DEBATE

11h45 - 12h05 : PAPER 26
Teresa Pais (Portugal)
O DOMÍNIO DA PERSPETIVA NO DESENHO DE OBSERVAÇÃO

12h10 - 12h30 : PAPER 27
Constantino Rodrigues (Portugal)
MODELAÇÃO DO PENSAMENTO EM GEOMETRIA DESCRITIVA

12h35 - 12h55 : PAPER 28
Luísa Mendes Tavares and Danielle Spada (Brazil)
SKETCHBOOK: EXERCÍCIO DE EXPRESSÃO PARA ALUNOS DE DESIGN

12h55 - 13h20 : DEBATE

13h20 - 13h30 : SESSÃO DE ENCERRAMENTO

15h00 : Visita guiada / Guided tour to Biblioteca Joanina da Universidade de Coimbra

 
 
Background image: Guarino Guarini (1737) Architettura civile…
Turin, Italy. Appresso Gianfrancesco Mairesse all’Insegna di Santa Teresa di Gesù, TAV. XXXV.
   
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